sewage sludge quizlet


They take in organic material and DO and convert these materials into new organisms, energy, CO2 and H2O. Pin floc increases. (a micron is one-one thousandth of a mm), -Microscope equipped with an ocular micrometer. These bacteria grow when too much food is available. A measure of the oxygen-consuming capacity of organic matter present in wastewater. -used to estimate suspended solids in samples taken from any part of plant. How much suspended solids and BOD does effluent have after the primary treatment process? The floc structure provides extensive surface for adsorption of food, oxygen and nutrients from the waste water. Not harmful, but shows other more harmful bugs can be living. treated sewage flowing out of the sewage treatment plant is known as the final sedimentation chamber in the aerated sludge process, Greece can conveniently be removed from the sewage in the -Primary clarifiers, single AB per train, diffused or surface aeration, aerobic or anaerobic digestion. A cell may lysis or break open to release its contents back into the water. operate at the surface of rectangular flow channels and are only partially submerged. floc particles are physically separated and volume increases. Sewage sludge is the solid, semisolid, or slurry residual material that is produced as a by-product of wastewater treatment processes. The most important treatment organisms. -Higher sludge ages, oxygen levels and lower F/M, creates older and more oxidized sludge. Wastewater, also known as raw sewage include but is not limited to water from the bathroom, toilets kitchen and other industrial wastes. -Measure of the activity of microorganisms in the system. agents that cause disease in humans. Denitrification of 1 mg/L of Nitrate satisfies how much BOD? The incoming wastewater and RAS are mixed at the front of the AB and travel down the basin uniformly until exiting from the end. Bacteria, viruses, protozoa and other organisms that are responsible for causing disease in humans and animals. Establishes and maintains goals and standards for U.S. water quality and purity. facultative carbon fixing bacteria still have food but no oxygen so they use the nitrogen from nitrate as an electron acceptor (RED), while they use the oxygen for metabolism (OX). The Agency uses this information to measure the success of materials management programs across the country and to characterize the national waste stream. For every pound of nitrate-nitrogen converted into nitrogen gas, the following occurs: -Uses anaerobic selectors, involves selecting for phosphate-storing bacteria. -temperature, salinity, and surfactants (detergents) affect oxygen saturation concentrations and transfer rate. These organisms grow poorly in natural waters and will eventually die after a few days. T. Chalkley Hatton and William R. Copeland concluded that combining the Clark and gage experiments of 1912-1913 with the Manchester experiments of 1913-1914 in a warm laboratory would remove practically all turbidity from sewage, 15-30 mg/L nitrates, form granular sludge which rapidly settles, and reduces the number of bacteria to 96% or more. Require organic materials for their energy and nourishment. science test. Made-up of groups of bacteria that grow in long chains. Regulation of discharges from point sources of pollution. Sewage sludge is a byproduct of water treatment plants and as you can imagine it’s plentiful. Represents to number of milliliters that will contain 1 gram of solids after settling for 30 minutes: is the reciprocal of the SVI multiplied by 100. Composed of many interacting bacterial and protozoa clumps. The three jobs of an aeration basin (biological reactor). According to EPA, how many plants (approximately) are not meeting standards for suspended solids removal? Caused by solids which do not settle or compact properly. The treatment organisms collect waste products to use as their food supply. Nocardia, Thiothrix, Sphaerotilus, Bacillus, Beggiatoa, Microthrix, Haliscomenobacter, Nosticoida, Leucothrix, Lineola, Flexibacter, Streptothrix, Vitreiscillaceae, filamentous organisms (common blue-green algae), -an exocellular polysaccharide (sugar polymer stored outside the cell) from nutrient deficiency, low DO, high F/M, or toxicity, when bulking is happening in clarifier, _____ RAS rate, -adequate but low MLSS concentrations (high f/m and lower sludge ages), caused by fire fighting foams or other surfactants; also by non-biodegradable detergent use. And don’t be fooled by products claiming to be a “natural organic” or “the original organic” compost, as these terms don’t prevent them from containing sewage sludge. Very young developing sludge, high F/M conditions, or nutrient deficiencies. Nutrient requirements of the typical bacterial cell: Mass ratio used to assure adequate nitrogen, phosphorus and BOD removal.